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FUT: A BASIC GUIDE

- Dr. Audumbar Borgaonkar

Follicular Unit Transplantation is a hair transplant technique, also known as strip harvesting. In this procedure small clusters of hairs or follicular units are removed from the donor site, in a strip and are inserted into the recipient area of the scalp. These units if transplanted well, will replicate the natural growth of hair in the recipient area of the scalp.

It is a minimally invasive procedure with concise recovery period. However, it can only be done successfully if the doctors are skilled and experienced enough,which comes afteryears of practice. Also, you must consider a reputed doctor who is offering quality services. This method is commonly offered by most of the hair transplant in Vashi.

It is a minimally invasive procedure with concise recovery period. However, it can only be achieved if the doctors are skilled and experienced enough which is acquired, only after years of practice.

Only difference between FUT (Follicular Unit Transplantation) and FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction) is that, FUT involves removing the strip via microscopic dissection; whereas FUE involves removing the actual follicular units directly from the donor site.

If we talk about the eligible criteria for opting the FUT hair transplant, they are – the patients having healthy donor supply, the stability concern of the safe donor area, the scalp must be free from autoimmune disorder, the flexibility concern of the scalp and the patient shouldn’t be suspected with the DUPA (diffused un-patterned hair loss).

A set of instructions, before the surgery are suggested by the surgeon, such as – smoking or alcohol intake is prohibited as it may affect the recovery process, the patient shouldn’t go for hair cut because there should be enough hairs in the donor area for the transplant, scalp should be massaged for about a minimum of 10 minutes to a maximum of 30 minutes if possible, a list of medications you can and cannot take beforehand and few more.

The basic technique of the FUT involves the removal of a strip from the back and sides of the scalp where the hair roots are intended to remain permanent in nature. It is done by a simple surgical step in which a small incision in such a manner that a longitudinal strip is removed which contains a number of follicular units. These units are then sent to the

experts where they dissect the grafts under microscope followed by implantation of the grafts into the recipient balding part of the scalp. Further, these transplanted units replicate in natural way in the recipient area.

After the surgery, there are no such side effects except that one can experience soreness of scalp, swelling, redness and itching and thus it is advisable to take some medications in order to reduce these minor infections. These are very common and one can easily get the solutions with post-surgery recommendations and mandatory follow ups. Hair fall of the transplanted hair within 2-3 week of the transplantation is common as it is the indication of regrowth of hair that adopts the natural characteristics.

The result of the surgery can be observed within 6 months. Within 1 – 2 months the redness, swelling and soreness of the scalp reduces and by the third month it fades completely. And by 4th – 5th month new hairs start growing and by 6th month the hair growth is fully visible.

The advantages of the FUT procedure includes – a painless technique, no side effects or maintenance required, covers higher bald area in a single sitting, less than 1% graft damage rate, amazing result with a high-density hair transplant, permanent results and multiple sittings without affecting the donor density.

People have many wrong perceptions about hair transplant like it is painful technique, it has many side effects, it is costly and many more but these are not true. FUT has advantages like it is affordable, it is a painless technique and others discussed above which makes it a better option for hair transplant. The FUT technique gives permanent results. Now a days, many modern techniques are also introduced for more effective treatment. Hence, doctors recommend people with high baldness level, should opt for hair transplant without any second thought as more advantages of FUT makes it a good option for those people.

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