Gynecomastia is the medical term used for male Breasts reduction. It is a medical condition in which male breasts tissues are enlarged.
Gynecomastia is the most common reason for medical evaluation of the male breast. Some men have excess fat on the chests which looks like they have breasts, this is known as false Gynecomastia (Pseudo Gynecomastia).
Some men ignore this while others are very keen and concerned and opt for surgical correction. Rarely, the breast enlargement can be caused by medicines (for high blood pressure, heart disease and prostate cancer), drugs (such as marijuana and anabolic steroids), some diseases (such as liver failure and some cancers) and some very rare congenital abnormalities (errors of development that one is born with.
Most teenage boys experience some degree of breast enlargement affecting one or both breasts. However, by early adulthood less than 10% have a residual problem.
- Men who have enlarged breasts and cannot be treated with other alternative
- The patient should be healthy
- The patient should be a non-smoker
- Men who have realistic expectations
- Boosts confidence and self esteem
- Gets a manly physique
- Eases physical activity
- Improves posture
- Makes a man feel better and happy
The breast is made up of two main components, glandular tissue (firm and dense) and fatty tissue (soft). The ratio of glandular to fatty tissue in any breast varies from individual to individual and in Gynaecomastia there may be an excess of both. The procedure starts with giving a local or general anesthesia to the patient after a small incisions are made on either at the edge of areola or from the armpit. A thin tube instrument is inserted to remove the excess fat from the chest. After the fat is removed the incisions are closed and dressing is done.
If there is predominantly a diffuse fatty enlargement of the breast, liposuction is the usual treatment. This involves sucking out the tissue through a small tube inserted via a 3-4mm incision. If excess glandular tissue is the primary cause of breast enlargement, it may need to be excised (cut out) with a scalpel. This will leave a scar, usually around the nipple edge. This excision can be performed alone or in conjunction with liposuction.
Following the surgery the chest is swollen and bruised for a while and it can be difficult to assess the full effect of the operation. To help reduce swelling, patients are often instructed to wear an elastic pressure garment continuously for one or two weeks. It is advisable to refrain from exercise for about three weeks and, in general, it takes about six weeks before one can return to completely normal activities.